Nyoongar Calendar Nyoongar calendar from the south-west of Western Australia showing six seasons December - January February - March April - May June - July August - September October - November
Birak - December - January Dry and hot Nyoongar burned sections of scrub land to force animals into the open.
Season of the young Season
Bunuru - February - March Hottest part of the year Warm Easterly Winds with sparse rainfall throughout. Nyoongar moved to estuaries for fishing. Season of adolescence Djeran - April -May Cooler weather begins Cool & pleasant Fishing continued and bulbs and seeds were collected for food.
Season of adulthood
Makuru - June - July Coldest and wettest time of the year; more frequent gales and storms Cold fronts continue. This is usually the wettest part of the year. The rains replenish inland water resources.
Djilba - August - September Mixture of wet days with increasing number of clear, cold nights and pleasant warmer days Usually the coldest part of the year, with clear, cold days and nights, and warmer, rainy and windy periods. Roots were collected, emus, possums and kangaroo were hunted.
Season of conception
Kambarang - October - November Longer dry periods Warming, rains finishing Longer dry periods and fewer cold fronts cross the coast. The height of the wildflower season. Nyoongar moved towards the coast where frogs, tortoises and freshwater crayfish were caught.
Season of birth
In the south west of Australia, the Nyoongar seasonal calendar includes six different seasons in a yearly cycle These are Birak, Bunuru, Djeran, Makuru, Djilba and Kambarang. Each of the six seasons represents and explains the seasonal changes we see annually.
The flowering of many different plants, the hibernation of reptiles and the moulting of swans are all helpful indicators that the seasons are changing.
The Nyoongar seasons can be long or short and are indicated by what is happening and changing around us rather than by dates on a calendar.
This six-season calendar is extremely important to Nyoongar people, as it is a guide to what nature is doing at every stage of the year, as well as understanding respect for the land in relation to plant and animal fertility cycles and land and animal preservation.
Disclaimer: Please be aware that there are different ways to spell Nyoongar (e.g. Nyungar, Nyoongar, Noongah) and Nyoongar words. Nyoongar language, like all traditional languages in Australia is an oral language. Through out this calendar, we have maintained the spelling as Nyoongar, and we respectfully include all people in the South-West.
Geographical borders: Nyoongar country spans from Leeman in the North-West to beyond Cape Arid in the South-East.